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牙齿排列不齐矫正? - Is tooth alignment uneven?

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很多人对牙齿矫正不太了解,只是简单的认为,牙齿矫正就是带上牙套就可以了,其实牙齿矫正不仅仅让牙齿排列整齐,而且还是需要考虑牙齿在排列整齐之后能不能拥有一个完美的笑线,如果牙齿排列不整齐,一定要尽早的去做矫正,以免影响口腔的健康,造成口腔疾病。

牙齿排列不齐矫正? - Is tooth alignment uneven?

矫牙为什么一定要做全口矫正?

首先,我们需要了解正畸的目的。

牙齿矫正不仅仅是把牙齿排列整齐,而且要考虑牙齿排列整齐后能不能拥有完美的“笑线”,因此正畸医生需要根据患者的面型特征设计笑线的弧度。最重要的一点,是要确保每一颗牙齿都在自己的岗位上正常工作,保证正常的咬合功能。

哪怕只是上排牙齿不整齐,都是要做全口矫正的。

如果只是矫正不整齐的牙齿,容易让上下颌牙齿的咬合产生无法对位的问题,从而导致矫正失败。

如果我们坚持进行“半口矫正”,极有可能破坏牙齿原有的咬合关系,久而久之,牙齿之间不协调的相互碰撞,会造成牙齿隐裂、咬合创伤、咀嚼功能的减退、甚至颞下颌关节紊乱等等问题。

当然,矫正半口牙齿并不是完全不可能。

很少有人能达到半口矫正的要求。除非是非常非常简单的情况,微调一下咬合就可以了,否则造成咬合紊乱,很难收场,将来势必再一次进入全口矫正,那可真得不偿失。

牙齿排列不齐矫正? - Is tooth alignment uneven?

牙齿矫正是否可以只做半口?

由于个人牙齿畸形的程度不同,因此很多人对于牙齿矫正是否可以只矫正半口也存在很大的疑问。以专业矫正治疗的立场来说,只做半口牙齿矫正的做法,容易让上下颌牙齿的咬合产生无法对位的问题,从而导致矫正失败。

比方说,只做上颌,不做下颌,上颌在排齐后,牙弓已形成比较稳定的卵圆形的形状,但是下颌还是照样拥挤不整齐,完全是不规则的上下咬合,可能垂直向与水平向的咬合关系都不会很好,这样的功能性咬合绝对无法很自然的咬得很好的。

牙齿与牙齿的对位产生不协调,咬合关系一定不会稳定,以后的咬合功能也不会很好。久而久之,会导致咬合干扰,有可能产生下颌关节的疼痛,牙齿的排列也不会稳定。日子一久,牙列还是会渐渐复发重新变得不整齐。

一般不要做单颌矫正,除非真的是非常非常简单的状况,微调一下咬合就可以了,否则造成咬合紊乱,很难收场,将来势必又再一次进行全口矫正,那可真是得不偿失;有的医生迁就病人,这是不负责任的做法,最终会害了患者的。

当然,也不能全盘否定。通常半口矫正对牙齿畸形程度有很严格的要求的,比如:上下咬合的对位非常重要,也就是尖窝对位关系,即上下牙齿一颗咬两颗的状态是必需的,牙尖与窝能稳健的咬在一起。这样咀嚼食物才能行使正常的功能,咀嚼效率才会高,消化机能才会顺顺利利的。

只矫正单排牙齿有哪些危害?

1.影响牙齿咀嚼功能

如果只做上颌,不做下颌,上颌在排齐后矫正涉及的所有牙齿均有一定程度的移动,而下颌未矫正的牙齿则不会移动,从而导致咬合发生改变。

只做一部分矫正时,上下颌之间的咬合关系没有办法通过人为纠正,所以做完矫正之后咬合会更差,从而影响牙齿的最基本的功能——咀嚼,从而影响消化机制。

牙齿排列不齐矫正? - Is tooth alignment uneven?

2.牙齿松动脱落

牙齿易形成咬合创伤,导致牙齿松动脱落

3.引起面部软组织问题

咬合平衡失调会引起面部软组织的问题,比如肌肉问题、面部僵硬、面部柔和度降低等。

4.导致口腔疾病

咬合平衡失调会导致牙周疾病、颞颌关节区的疼痛,甚至还有不明原因的头疼、多数后牙的楔状缺损等。

5.不稳定,容易复发

咬合平衡失调会导致牙齿的排列不够稳定。时间一久,牙列还是会渐渐复发,重新变得不整齐。

正畸医生一般都不建议做单排牙齿的矫正,除非真的是非常非常简单的状况,微调一下咬合就可以了,否则,一旦造成咬合紊乱的现象便会很难收场,到那时候势必又得再一次进行全口矫治,那就真的是得不偿失了!


Reading guide

Many people don't know much about orthodontics, but simply think that orthodontics is to wear a brace on it. Actually, orthodontics not only make the teeth align neatly, but also need to consider whether the teeth can have a perfect smile line after alignment. If the teeth are not aligned neatly, it must be done as soon as possible. To correct, so as not to affect the oral health, causing oral diseases.

牙齿排列不齐矫正? - Is tooth alignment uneven?

Why must orthodontic complete mouth correction?

First of all, we need to understand the purpose of orthodontics.

Orthodontists need to design the radian of the smile line according to the facial features of the patient. The most important thing is to ensure that each tooth in their own position to ensure normal occlusal function.

Even if only the upper row of teeth is irregular, it is necessary to do a complete correction.

If only the irregular teeth are corrected, the occlusion of maxillary and mandibular teeth can easily lead to the problem of misalignment, which leads to the failure of correction.

If we insist on "half-mouth correction", it is very likely to destroy the original occlusal relationship between the teeth, and over time, the teeth between the uncoordinated collision, will cause cracks in teeth, occlusal trauma, loss of masticatory function, and even temporomandibular joint disorders and so on.

Of course, it is not impossible to correct half mouth teeth.

Few people can meet the requirement of half mouth correction. Unless it's a very, very simple case, fine-tuning the bite is all right, otherwise it's hard to end up with a disorder of the bite, and it's bound to get into full mouth correction again in the future, and that's not worth it.

牙齿排列不齐矫正? - Is tooth alignment uneven?

Can orthodontics be done only half?

Because the degree of individual tooth deformity varies, many people also have great doubts about whether it is possible to correct only half of the mouth. From the standpoint of professional orthodontic treatment, only half-mouth orthodontic treatment is easy to cause the occlusion of maxillary and mandibular teeth can not be aligned, leading to the failure of orthodontic treatment.

For example, only the maxilla, not the jaw, maxilla in line, the arch has formed a relatively stable oval shape, but the jaw is still crowded and irregular, completely irregular upper and lower occlusion, may be vertical and horizontal occlusion relationship will not be very good, such a functional occlusion is absolutely not very natural It bites well.

The alignment of teeth and teeth is not coordinated, the occlusal relationship will not be stable, the occlusal function will not be very good after. Over time, it can cause occlusal distraction, possibly pain in the mandibular joint, and unstable tooth alignment. For a long time, dentition will gradually relapse and become irregular again.

Usually do not do single-jaw correction, unless it is really very simple, fine-tuning the occlusion can be done, otherwise the occlusal disorder, it is difficult to end, the future is bound to be a full-mouth correction again, it is really worthwhile; some doctors accommodate patients, this is irresponsible practice, and ultimately harm the patient. The person.

Of course, it can not be negated completely. Usually half-mouth correction has strict requirements on the degree of tooth deformity, such as: the upper and lower occlusal alignment is very important, that is, cuspid alignment, that is, the upper and lower teeth bite two of the state is necessary, the cusp and socket can be firmly bitten together. Only in this way can chewing food perform its normal function, chewing efficiency will be high, digestive function will be smooth.

What are the dangers of correcting only one row of teeth?

1. affect the masticatory function of the teeth.

If only the maxilla, not the mandible, the maxilla in alignment after the correction of all teeth involved in a certain degree of movement, and the mandibular uncorrected teeth will not move, resulting in changes in occlusion.

The occlusal relationship between the upper and lower jaws can not be artificially corrected when only a part of the correction is made, so the occlusion will be worse after the correction, thus affecting the most basic function of the teeth - mastication, thereby affecting the digestive mechanism.

牙齿排列不齐矫正? - Is tooth alignment uneven?

2. loose teeth fall off

Teeth are prone to bite injuries, resulting in loosening of teeth.

3. cause facial soft tissue problems

Disequilibrium of occlusal balance can cause problems with facial soft tissues, such as muscle problems, facial stiffness, and decreased facial softness.

4. leading to oral diseases

Improper occlusal balance can lead to periodontal disease, pain in the temporomandibular joint, even unexplained headaches, and wedge-shaped defects in most posterior teeth.

5. unstable, easy to relapse.

Occlusion imbalance can lead to unstable tooth alignment. For a long time, dentition will gradually recur and become irregular again.

Orthodontists generally do not recommend a single row of teeth, unless it is really a very simple situation, fine-tuning the occlusion can be done, otherwise, once the phenomenon of occlusal disorders will be difficult to end, then it is bound to have a full dental treatment again, it is really worthless!

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