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打完水痘疫苗学会这样应对发烧的现象 - Have a chicken pox vaccine to cope with fever

文章导读

小孩子都是第一次接种疫苗,强行把抑制细菌和病毒的疫苗注射进人体,可能会在接种疫苗的18天内出现暂时的身体不良反应,尤其是发热和轻微的皮疹是最常见的,打完水痘疫苗后发烧,首先要小心是过敏,严重的需要到医院去检查,做好身体护理,短时间内不要受风。

打完水痘疫苗学会这样应对发烧的现象 - Have a chicken pox vaccine to cope with fever

反应处理

接种本疫苗后一般无反应,在接种6-18天内少数人可有短暂一过性的发热或轻微皮疹,一般无需治疗会自行消退,必要时可对症治疗

严重反应/过敏性休克发生时由医生采取措施。最初处理:皮下或肌肉注射1/100肾上腺素(由主治医生决定剂量),支气管痉挛时应给予支气管扩张药,发生休克时,在必要情况下可静脉给予氨茶碱,皮质类固醇,血浆代用品。

打完水痘疫苗学会这样应对发烧的现象 - Have a chicken pox vaccine to cope with fever

注意事项

(1)安瓿有裂纹、瓶签不清或溶解后瓶内有异物者均不可使用。

(2)疫苗瓶开启和接种时切勿使消毒剂接触疫苗;并应在开启用30分钟内用完。

(3)注射过免疫球蛋白者应间隔1个月后接种本疫苗。

(4)育龄妇女接种本苗后至少3个月应避孕

打完水痘疫苗学会这样应对发烧的现象 - Have a chicken pox vaccine to cope with fever

疫苗费用

一般水痘疫苗进口的价格是320元~350元,国产的价格160元~208元。

免疫效果

水痘疫苗的免疫持久性较好。在美国的调查表明,免疫5年后有93%的儿童

和94%的成人具有VZV抗体,有87%的儿童和94%的成人具有细胞介导的免疫力。最近由Ampofo等发表的关于承认接种疫苗的报告表明,在始于1979年的21年间,突破性水痘的患病率和严重性未增加,提示成人接种疫苗后免疫力没有明显衰退。

接种6周后,血清阳转率均大于98%,13岁以上的人群接种2剂(间隔6~10周)血清阳转率可达100%。暴露于自然水痘感染72小时内,仍可通过免疫获得保护性。


Reading guide

Children are the first vaccination, forced the vaccine against bacteria and virus into the human body, there may be adverse reaction in temporary vaccination within 18 days, especially fever and mild skin rash is the most common, after the chicken pox vaccine have a fever, first to be careful is allergic, serious need to go to the hospital to check, body care, not by the wind in a short period of time.

打完水痘疫苗学会这样应对发烧的现象 - Have a chicken pox vaccine to cope with fever

Reaction treatment

After vaccination, there was usually no response. Within 6-18 days of inoculation, a small number of people had transient fever or slight rash, which usually subsided without treatment, and symptomatic treatment was necessary if necessary.

A doctor takes measures when a severe response / anaphylactic shock occurs. Initial treatment: subcutaneous or intramuscular injection of 1/100 adrenaline (determined by the attending physician). Bronchodilator should be given during bronchial spasm, and aminophylline, corticosteroid and plasma substitute should be given intravenously if necessary.

打完水痘疫苗学会这样应对发烧的现象 - Have a chicken pox vaccine to cope with fever

Matters needing attention

(1) the ampoule has crack, the bottle sign is not clear or the foreign body in the bottle can not be used after the bottle is dissolving.

(2) do not make the disinfectant contact the vaccine when the vaccine is opened and inoculated; and it should be used in 30 minutes.

(3) the immunoglobulin injected should be vaccinated after 1 months.

(4) at least 3 months after inoculation of this seedling, women of childbearing age should be contraceptive.

打完水痘疫苗学会这样应对发烧的现象 - Have a chicken pox vaccine to cope with fever

Vaccine cost

The price of the general varicella vaccine is 320 yuan ~350 yuan, and the domestic price is 160 yuan ~208 yuan.

Immune effect

The vaccine has a better immune persistence. A survey in the United States showed that 93% of the children were immunized 5 years later

And 94% of adults have VZV antibodies, and 87% of children and 94% of adults have cellular mediated immunity. A recent report on vaccination approved by Ampofo and so on showed that the prevalence and severity of breakthrough varicella did not increase in the 21 years since 1979, suggesting that there is no significant decline in immunity after vaccination.

After 6 weeks of inoculation, the positive rate of serum positive was more than 98%, and the positive rate of serum positive rate of 2 doses (interval 6~10 weeks) in the population over 13 years old could reach 100%. After exposure to natural chickenpox for 72 hours, it can still be protected by immunization.

打完水痘疫苗学会这样应对发烧的现象 - Have a chicken pox vaccine to cope with fever:等您坐沙发呢!

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