当前位置: > 养生之道 > 小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool

小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool

文章导读

夏天,越来越多的人开始出现小肚子痛老想拉大便的情况。其实这很可能是腹泻所导致的。一般来说,夏天容易滋生各种细菌,导致食物不干净。所以我们很容易出现腹泻的症状。当然除了一些饮食问题,一些疾病和炎症也会导致腹泻的出现。轻微的腹泻身体可以自愈,但是严重的话,最后进行药物治疗

小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool

腹泻(diarrhea)是一种常见症状,俗称“拉肚子”,是指排便次数明显超过平日习惯的频率,粪质稀薄,水分增加,每日排便量超过200g,或含未消化食物或脓血、黏液。腹泻常伴有排便急迫感、肛门不适、失禁等症状。正常人每日大约有9L液体进入胃肠道,通过肠道对水分的吸收,最终粪便中水分仅约100~200ml。若进入结肠的液体量超过结肠的吸收能力或(和)结肠的吸收容量减少,就会导致粪便中水分排出量增加,便产生腹泻。临床上按病程长短,将腹泻分急性和慢性两类。急性腹泻发病急剧,病程在2~3周之内,大多系感染引起。慢性腹泻指病程在两个月以上或间歇期在2~4周内的复发性腹泻,发病原因更为复杂,可为感染性或非感染性因素所致。

小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool

1.急性腹泻

(1)感染 包括病毒(轮状病毒、诺瓦克病毒、柯萨奇病毒、埃可等病毒)、细菌(大肠杆菌、沙门菌、志贺菌、痢疾杆菌、霍乱弧菌)或寄生虫(溶组织阿米巴原虫、梨形鞭毛虫)引起的肠道感染。

(2)中毒 食物中毒如进食未煮熟的扁豆、毒蕈中毒、河豚中毒,重金属中毒,农药中毒等。

(3)药物 泻药、胆碱能药物、洋地黄类药物等。

(4)其他疾病 溃疡性结肠炎急性发作、急性坏死性肠炎、食物过敏等。

小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool

2.慢性腹泻

慢性腹泻病因比急性的更复杂,肠黏膜本身病变、小肠内细菌繁殖过多、肠道运输功能缺陷、消化能力不足、肠运动紊乱以及某些内分泌疾病和肠道外肿瘤均有可能导致慢性腹泻的发生。可引起慢性腹泻的疾病包括:。

(1)肠道感染性疾病 ①慢性阿米巴痢疾;②慢性细菌性疾病;③肠结核;④梨形鞭毛虫病、血吸虫病;⑤肠道念珠菌病。

(2)肠道非感染性炎症 ①炎症性肠病(克罗恩病和溃疡性结肠炎);②放射性肠炎;③缺血性结肠炎;④憩室炎;⑤尿毒症性肠炎。

(3)肿瘤 ①大肠癌;②结肠腺瘤病(息肉);③小肠恶性淋巴瘤;④胺前体摄取脱羧细胞瘤、胃泌素瘤、类癌、肠血管活性肠肽瘤等。

(4)小肠吸收不良 ①原发性小肠吸收不良;②继发性小肠吸收不良。

(5)肠动力疾病 如肠易激综合征

(6)胃部和肝胆胰疾病 ①胃大部分切除-胃空肠吻合术;②萎缩性胃炎;③慢性肝炎;④肝硬化;⑤慢性胰腺炎;⑥慢性胆囊炎。

(7)全身疾病 ①甲状腺功能亢进;②糖尿病;③慢性肾上腺皮质功能减退;④系统性红斑狼疮;⑤烟酸缺乏病;⑥食物及药物过敏。


Reading guide

In summer, more and more people begin to suffer from small belly pain and want to pull loose stools. In fact, this is probably caused by diarrhea. Generally speaking, summer is easy to breed all kinds of bacteria, causing food is not clean. So it's easy for us to have symptoms of diarrhea. Of course, in addition to some dietary problems, some diseases and inflammation can also lead to diarrhea. Mild diarrhea can be self healed, but in severe cases, drug therapy is the last resort.

小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool

Diarrhea (diarrhea) is a common symptom, commonly known as "diarrhea", refers to the frequency of defecation more than the frequency of daily habits, fecal thin, water increased, daily defecation of more than 200g, or containing undigested food or abscesses, mucus. Diarrhea is often accompanied by symptoms such as urgency of defecation, anal discomfort, incontinence and so on. Normal people have about 9L of fluid entering the gastrointestinal tract every day, and the absorption of water through the intestinal tract. The water content in the feces is only about 100 ~ 200ml. If the amount of liquid entering the colon exceeds the colonic absorption capacity or (and) the colon absorbs capacity, it will lead to increased water discharge in the feces and cause diarrhea. According to the duration of the disease, diarrhea is divided into two categories: acute and chronic. The incidence of acute diarrhea is rapid and the disease course is within 2~3 weeks. Chronic diarrhea refers to recurrent diarrhoea in the course of the disease over two months or 2~4 weeks. The cause of the disease is more complicated, which can be caused by infectious or non infectious factors.

小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool

1. acute diarrhea

(1) infection including viruses (rotavirus, Novak virus, Coxsackie virus, eke and other viruses), bacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Shigella, Vibrio cholerae) or parasites (amoeba, pyriform flagellate).

(2) poisoning food poisoning such as eating uncooked lentils, mushroom poisoning, puffer poisoning, heavy metal poisoning, pesticide poisoning and so on.

(3) drug laxatives, cholinergic drugs, digitalis and so on.

(4) other diseases such as acute attack of ulcerative colitis, acute necrotizing enteritis, food allergy and so on.

小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool

2. chronic diarrhea

The causes of chronic diarrhea are more complex than the acute ones. The intestinal mucosa itself, the excessive bacterial propagation in the small intestine, the deficiency of intestinal transport function, the insufficiency of digestive ability, the intestinal motility disorder, and some endocrine diseases and intestinal tumor may lead to the occurrence of chronic diarrhea. Diseases that cause chronic diarrhea include:.

(1) intestinal infectious diseases (1) chronic amoebic dysentery; (2) chronic bacterial diseases; (3) intestinal tuberculosis; (4) pyriform flagellate, schistosomiasis; intestinal candidiasis.

(2) noninfectious inflammation of the intestine (1) inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis); (2) radioactive enteritis; (3) ischemic colitis; (4) diverticulitis; (5) uremia enteritis.

(3) tumor (1) colorectal cancer; (2) colon adenomatous (polyP); (3) malignant lymphoma of the small intestine; (4) amine precursor uptake decarboxoma, gastrinoma, carcinoid, intestinal vasoactive intestinal peptide tumor and so on.

(4) intestinal malabsorption (primary intestinal malabsorption); secondary intestinal malabsorption.

(5) intestinal motility diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome

(6) the stomach and hepatobiliary pancreatic disease (1) most of the gastric resection - gastroenterostomy; (2) atrophic gastritis; (3) chronic hepatitis; (4) liver cirrhosis; 5. Chronic pancreatitis; (6) chronic cholecystitis.

(7) systemic disease (1) hyperthyroidism; (2) diabetes; (3) chronic adrenocortical dysfunction; (4) systemic lupus erythematosus; (5) nicotinic acid deficiency; (6) food and drug allergy.

小肚子痛老想拉大便 - A small stomach ache always wants to pull a stool:等您坐沙发呢!

发表评论

您必须 [ 登录 ] 才能发表留言!